Friday, June 5, 2009

Different types of free drug rehab

The different types of free drug rehab depend upon the degree of dependence, the patient's social situation, and the kind ofdrug to which they are addicted. Some rehabilitation treatments have medical components, to ease the symptoms of withdrawal, intensive counseling, and methods that address underlying causes of addiction. In general, one can differentiate between drug rehab with in-patient, or residential, requirements versus out-patient treatment.

Different types of drug rehab rely on disparate philosophies on the nature of addiction, available resources, and the degree of cooperation from the patient. The medical, psychological, and law enforcement communities disagree on which programs are most successful, therefore there are a variety of paths towards recovery. While varied, these paths go through similar stages, beginning with detoxification, going through therapy, and ending in integration into employment and housing.
Often, every type of drug rehab starts in a medical setting so health professionals can oversee the chemical detoxification by which the drug chemically leaves the system, and the person is no longer physically dependent upon the drug. Under supervision, the patient's side effects can be tempered by medication, as well as proper nutrition and sleep. This interventionary stage is rarely enough to allow a patient to fully recover from a drug addiction, for there is no psychological element.

A residential, in-patient treatment center provides full-time supervision in a tightly controlled environment. Living in a facility associated with a hospital, psychiatric center, or community outreach center, provides underlying support with meal plans and housing. This type of drug rehab usually involves a short, interventionary program, often as little as 30 days, with the expectation that the addict will continue treatment in an out-patient setting.
Some other intensive types of drug rehab rely on voluntarily attended out-patient treatment, which means patients live and work on their own. They attend meetings, counseling sessions, or classes designed to equip the addict with new coping mechanisms so that when they encounter stress, they no longer turn to drugs. This includes so-called 12-step programs, such as Narcotics Anonymous, that have a strong spiritual basis. Drug rehab of this sort could be official, with a trained counselor present during anti narco therapy, or casual, in a community setting.

Finally, there are a few types of drug rehab that attempt to address the underlying causes of addiction and repeated relapse, such as estrangement from family and friends, no support system, low employment skills, mental illness, and living in a community united solely by drug use. This holistic approach to drug rehab includes halfway houses and community centers, where an addict acquires job skills, practical advice, and has enough time to completely remove themselves from old acquaintances. Such a facility often allows patients to stay for an extended period of time, such as six to twelve months, until they are confident they can function independently without returning to their addiction.


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