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Monday, August 22, 2011

Components of an Effective Rehabilitation Therapy

There are several components of an effective rehabilitation therapy, among others:
  1. Assessment.
    Namely assessing the problems with collecting information for diagnosis and treatment modalities that best suits the conditions of addicts.

  2. Therapy plan.
    Treatment plan based on assessment results and client needs masalh which includes physical, psychological, social, spiritual, family and work.

  3. Detoxification program
    This is an early stage of the recovery program, to release the addicts from the direct effects of the abuse of alcohol or drugs in anticipation of withdrawal symptoms after you stop taking alcohol or drugs. The process of detoxification can be done with drugs or naturally.

  4. Rehabilitation.
    As the next stage of the recovery process that includes physical, psychological, social, spiritual, education and employment.

  5. Counseling.
    There are two types of counseling, individual and group. To help the addict understand the self (insight), persuade, make suggestions, and beliefs, so he saw the problem in a more ralistis skilled and motivated to solve the problem.

    • Group counseling: Experience is very important group.
      Less useful, if the addict does not build a network of peer groups.

    • Individual counseling: to evaluate the events of the day, identify the things that led to sugest, build a structure of life for the next day, discussing things that are sensitive or personal, that does not fit discussed in group discussions.

  6. Prevention of recurrence (relapse).
    As a strategy to encourage addicts to stop consuming alcohol or drugs (abstinensia), helped identify and manage high-risk situations, thoughts and activities that encourage addicts to return. Apart from alcohol and drugs is easier than keeping to not re-use it in a long time.

  7. The role of the family is very important in therapy.
    Addicts never recover without the support of family and those closest to addicts.

  8. Provide follow-up care.
    Upon completion addicts undergoing treatment at the center of therapy and rehabilitation, addicts must continue to obtain such advanced treatments:

    • Counseling.
      Memotivsasi and improve the skills of counteracting drug, helps recovery peer, and improve their ability to function normally in society.

    • Support group.
      Completing the program in a professional therapy.

    • Adjoining houses.
      As a place among addicts in rehab.

    • Vocational practice.
      In order for recovering addicts who can work and function normally in society.

    • Suitable work interests, talents, and skills of addicts.

Thursday, August 18, 2011

Knowing the Emotional Stages when the Addict Stops Using Drugs

Knowing the emotional stages when the addict stops using drugs is one important factor that we can continue to lead the addict toward recovery. The relationship between the addict and the drug is very tightly, so that when the addict trying to escape from the influence of drugs then he will experience some very tormenting and painful. He will feel there is something missing from him, it is this which led to the recovery process requires a long process. The addict will experience several stages, among others:
  1. Deny
    At this stage the addict will not believe that his relationship with drugs pose many problems for him, or he thinks he can run our own use in a responsible way.

  2. Bargaining
    At this stage the addict says "Let's make an agreement". The agreement may be with parents, friends, god, or with itself. Maybe he said "if I have a job, I will no longer use drugs."

  3. Angry
    At this stage the addict to feel angry, because they were forced to stop using drugs: "Why me? Why should I have this disease?". "Other people take drugs but they do not have problems like me."

  4. Guilt
    Guilt arises, when our behavior does not correspond to the values ​​we have, or with our conscience. At this stage the addict will feel very bad with the stupid things he has done and with people who have hurts.

  5. Depression (sad, gloomy and depressed)
    Depression is a reaction that occurs due to guilt. At this stage, addicts start to feel sad and helpless. He understands that he must stop using drugs, but he did not understand how he can live without drugs.

  6. Surrender
    At this stage the addict confessed that he was troubled. Surrender means you no longer able to resolve your problem and you possessed the courage to ask for help.

  7. Receive
    Receiving means addicts problematic and it is the problem. At this stage the addict to accept the fact, that he was responsible for the problem and that he alone who must overcome masalh it. Receiving is admitted that his relationship with the drug should be discontinued and the addict to take concrete steps are required, so that he recovers quickly.

Thus the seven emotional stages experienced by addicts stop using drugs armpit.

Tuesday, August 16, 2011

How Readiness For Recovering Addicts?

Readiness for recovering addicts can be divided into several stages, among others:
  1. Phase prakontemplasi
    Stage where the addict to be indifferent to the state of addiction. Even he did not admit that he possessed a substance abuse problem.

  2. Contemplation stage
    Addicts begin to think of the problem. He began recognizes the adverse effects due to drug use, but still not willing to stop using it.

  3. Preparatory stage
    Addicts begin to plan to quit. However, he is still in a state torn between stopping or still want to continue to wear, because he would miss, if you do not do drugs anymore.

  4. Stage act
    Addicts have taken the decision to stop wearing. Shows the behavior of reducing or stopping altogether against drug use. This stage is very critical. He really needed help.

  5. Phase maintain
    Addicts continue the process that had begun in the previous stage. Still need a companion, so as not to relapse again and sane living.

Expected to know the stages you can help addicts to reach the stage of recovering more quickly.

Sunday, August 14, 2011

Tips Choosing Treatment and Drug Rehabilitation Facility

alcohol and drug rehab pict

What is the most suitable therapy to correct at one time for a particular individual?

The answer to these questions often have to involve some level of care within a coordinated period of time. Everything is a continuity of care. So, therapy and rehabilitation should be understood as a process within a specified period that involves various levels of intensity of treatment on various aspects of recovery. Selected programs within their individual needs.

There are two types of therapy commonly given to people with drug addiction that is therapeutic inpatient and outpatient therapy.
Advantages inpatient therapy is a structured living environment, lack of access to drugs, more intensive therapy, patients give the impression earnestness, and a more integrated health services.
The disadvantage is more expensive, keep the patient from home, school or workplace.
Advantages of outpatient therapy that is much cheaper, teenagers can stay home and stay in school or work.
The disadvantage is the lack of a structured environment, more absolute accessible to drugs, less intensive, less impressed by the seriousness, and lack of an integrated health service.

Some particular characteristics make teenagers more suitable in case of hospitalization of severe denial, dependency with several withdrawal symptoms, health problems, failure of outpatient therapy and there is a mental disorder, or poor family support, parents are becoming abusers, outpatient away of residence and or court decisions.

There are two important aspects of therapy and rehabilitation at the time and intensity. None of the programs are better than other programs.

Friday, August 12, 2011

Tips Teaching Kids About Drugs Problem

alcohol and drug rehab pict
Tips Teaching Kids About Drugs Problem.

Until now, very few children and adolescents who obtain information about drugs from the family environment (home ). There are several factors that cause it is partly because parents feel they have the ability and knowledge to it, or fear if the child knows about drug abuse then he will use it. It is very erroneous, knowledge about drugs should be administered at an early age. Obviously with the way the reasoning that can be accepted by children, do not even frighten him without no apparent reason.

There are a few tips to teach kids about drug problems:
  1. Do not give lectures.
    Childhood is a time to play and fantasize, so wherever possible do not give advice to the lecture style. It will not give satisfactory results.

  2. Stay away from formal impression.
    Teach about these drugs in various occasions, such as when watching TV, reading, sat the streets, and others. These times is a good time that allow children to receive instruction well. Especially what we are teaching something to do with her ​​own activity.

  3. Use visual aids such as drawings to describe various types of drugs. This will allow the child to understand and remember.

  4. Explain that if someone is using drugs to avoid problems, relieve pain and stress, the effect is only temporary. Because after that the pain, stress, and suffering it will come back, it will even become worse.

  5. Similarly, early steps can be taken to prevent the rising levels of drug misuse in the future.

Sunday, August 7, 2011

Bad Effects of Alcohol for Our Health

alcohol and drug rehab-bad effects of alcohol pict

Bad effects of alcohol for our health is very diverse depending on the intensity and levels of alcohol we consume. Drinking alcoholic beverages in excess once a week have a similar effect with people who regularly consume alcohol in small amounts.

Consuming alcohol can cause various disorders such as:
Neurodevelopmental disorders.
Decline in verbal IQ.
Triggering like to break the trend in children.
Learning disorders.
Decline in academic performance.

Besides a serious threat that is triggered by the habit of consuming alcohol is Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS). FAS is a pattern of physical and mental disability that develops in some unborn babies because their mothers drank too much alcohol during pregnancy. According to the Missouri Department of Health, there are some problems from consuming alcohol during pregnancy:
     Size and low weight babies
     Developmental disorders
     Disability ribs and sternum
     Curved spine and hip dislocation
     Crooked toes or hands, webbed or incomplete
     Limitation of joint motion
     Small head size
     Facial abnormalities
     The emergence of the skin membrane between the eyes and bridge of the nose
     Eyelid drop
     Myopic eye
     Eyes hard to move in the same direction
     Nose slightly up
     Nasal bone concave
     There is no groove between the nose and upper lip
     Thin upper lip
     The opening in the palate
     Small jaw
     Abnormal ear shape
     Abnormalities in organ
     Heart defects
     Genital defects
     Kidney and urinary tract defects
     Central nervous system defects
     The composition of brain cells and connective tissue that is not perfect
     Mental retardation
     Learning disorders
     Low concentration levels
     Hyperactivity in childhood
     Coordination body, hands and fingers are bad

In addition to alcohol on pregnant women also have an adverse effect is no less creepy, one of our liver health. Liver function in general is as a filter against toxins, bacteria and harmful substances that enter into our bodies. By drinking alcohol to excess will cause the organ work of our hearts become worse so that eventually can cause damage to the liver is called alcoholic liver desease. On a more serious level of alcohol consumption can lead to cirrhosis of the liver. Cirrhosis of the liver characterized by changes in the liver tissue becomes rough and loses function. Cirrhosis of the liver can progress to portal hypertension is characterized by enlargement of blood vessels in the abdomen (caput medulla). Then there is accumulation of fluid in the abdomen known as aites. In other cases the liver cirrhosis may develop into liver cancer is very deadly.

By knowing the impact of alcohol for health Do you still intend to try or to continue to consume them?. Keep your heart, one of them to stay away or stop alcohol consumption in excess of the current.

Thursday, August 4, 2011

Drug Abuse and Its Impact

Drug abuse usually starts from small things such as the desire to try it, follow the trend, social status symbol, an escape from problems and others.

Levels of drug abuse can be described as follows:
try -> fun -> use only at certain times -> abuse -> addiction.
Or according to WHO:
Abstitent -> Experimental -> occasional -> Regular -> habitual -> dependent.

Impact of drug abuse.
In the intensity of the use of continuous dosing and the dosage that exceeds the specified, it will be impacted on addiction. Of addiction is what will lead to other disorders, such as physical impairment, psychological, and social disruption.

Physical disturbance.
Drug abuse can trigger a variety of physical disorders, among others:

  • Disorders of the nervous system (neurological) such as: convulsions, hallucinations, neurological disorders and other edge.
  • Disturbances in the heart and artery (cardiovascular) such as: acute infection of the heart muscle and circulatory disorders.
  • Skin disorders (dermatologist) such as: penanahan (abscess), allergies and eczema.
  • Pad disorders of the lungs (pulmonary) such as: suppression of respiratory function, breathing difficulties, hardening of lung tissue.
  • Frequent headaches, nausea and vomiting, increased body temperature, heart shrinkage and difficulty sleeping.
  • Impact on reproductive health are endocrine disorders, such as decreased function of reproductive hormones (estrogen, progesterone, and testosterone).
  • Impact on reproductive health among girls, such as changes in menstrual periods, irregular menstruation, and amenorhoe.
  • For injecting drug users through needle, especially with the use of alternate may trigger the risk of contracting various diseases such as hepatitis B, C and HIV.
  • Use in large doses can cause an overdose resulting in death.

Psychic impact.
Drug use is also a negative impact on mental health, such as:
  • Work slow, sloppy, often tense and anxious.
  • The loss of confidence, apathy, dreamer and suspicious.
  • Agiatif, became tempramental and brutal act.
  • Difficulty concentrating, feeling upset and depressed.
  • Tends to self-harm, feelings of insecurity, even suicide.

Social Impact.
Besides the effects mentioned above, drug users are usually also faced with social problems:
  • Mental disorders, anti-social and immoral, ostracized by the environment.
  • Troublesome and a burden the family.
  • Disrupted education and a bleak future.

Conclusion: The drug has a very bad for our lives, so forbid drug abuse from now on.

Know the Types of Drugs

Know the types of drugs is important, where to find out what drugs are classified into those we expected to be able to prevent the abuse as early as possible.

In general, drugs can be classified into two namely:

Narcotics. Is a substance or a drug derived from a plant or not plant, either the synthesis or semi synthesis which can cause a decrease or change in consciousness, loss of pain and can lead to dependence.
The species include:

  1. Plant: Papaver, opium, morfina, kokaina, ekgonina, cannabis and cannabis resin.
  2. Salts and derivatives of morfina and kokaina, as well as mixtures of preparations containing the above ingredients.
Psikotrofika. Substance or drug is both natural and not synthetic narcotic, a potent psychoactive through selective effect on the central nervous system that causes changes in mental activity and behavior.
The species include: Sedatin (Pill), Rohypnol, Magadon, Valium, Mandarax, Amfetamine, Fensiklidin, Metakualon, Metifenidat, Phenobarbital, Flunitrazepam, Ecstasy, Shabu-shabu, LSD (Lycergic Eyebrows diethylamide), etc..

Types of drugs according to their effects:
  1. Depressant. Ie suppress the central nervous system and reduce the functional activity of the body so that the user feel calm, even could make the user fall asleep and unconscious. In excessive usage can lead to death.
    Classified as a depressant: opioda and all its derivatives such as morphine and heroin. Which is quite popular is putaw.
  2. Stimulant. Stimulate body functions and improve arousal and awareness.
    Are classified as stimulants: caffeine, cocaine, amphetamines. A quite popular: shabu-shabu and extasi.
  3. Hallucinogens. Changing the perception or the cause hallucinations.
    Hallucinogen derived mostly from plants, such as mescaline from cactus and psilocybin from mushrooms. There was also created in the laboratory such as LSD. Which is quite popular is hemp and marijuana.

Wednesday, August 3, 2011

Kudzu Extract to Treat Cocaine Addiction

alcohol and drug rehab, alcohol addiction, substance abuse pict

Researchers at Gilead Sciences Inc. Ahad, estimates that Kudzu extract trees that are being developed to treat addiction to alcohol may also be helpful in treating cocaine addicts.

Kudzu is one of the ancient herb for alcoholics. Plants that grow this vine is native to Asia, but has now spread to most of the Southeast and the United States, after being imported to control soil erosion.

Research on this plant was first done by CV. Therapeutics. They make extracts synthesis called aldehyde dehyrogenase-2 selective inhibitor or an abbreviated by using the product name ALDH2i CVT-10 216.

Results from experiments conducted on rats showed that the extract can stop these rodents consume cocaine. The extract may also prevent a recurrence of addiction so that the mice be free from the influence of cocaine.

They found that the extract works by increasing the ingredient called "tetrahydropapaveroline" or abbreviated as "THP". Cocaine addiction level makes a chemical called "dopamine" grew, and THP able to mute it.

ALDH-2 inhibitors are safe, and may change as selektf ALDH2i may have the potential to reduce cocaine addiction in humans and prevent the recurrence of the condition.

Source: from antaranews with necessary modifications.

Tuesday, August 2, 2011

Overcoming Addiction Without a Doctor

Overcoming addiction without a doctor?  is it possible?  answer all possible, and certainly will succeed.  However, there is a necessary condition that must be met is a determination and a strong conviction to break away from the shackles of addiction.

Maybe you've done the recovery process but it always fail?.  This is where your sincerity tested to keep trying until you succeed.  Keep pessimistic thoughts from within yourself and then cultivate the belief that you can do it!.  Yes I am sure you can do it, so why still hesitate?

According to the Substance Abuse and Mental Healt Agency addiction recovery by traditional means 90% failed.  What causes it?  There are only two main factors causing these failures are errors in the methods used and lack of confidence in myself to be patient about the success achieved so they do it half-heartedly.

In this case I would invite you to treat yourself.  Since you are the best doctor for yourself.  then try for much more familiar with yourself through a positive outlook.  What are you looking for in this life and what you want, and start to reach out and make it happen.  Recognize yourself and build positive self-image is a solid foundation to become whatever you want, you can!  because "you are the skipper for your life".

Addiction is not a disease, not at all!.  Addiction is more likely as an option, or what is often seen as a temporary removal of the underlying emotional pain.  A person suffering from addiction only has co-depedensi coercion against a substance in such emotional pain relief, a temporary solution this quickly becomes a trap because the body and mind adapt to need more and more of the addictive substance or behavior serve targeted.  This is known as the body's tolerance.  But if you understand Why did you make the "choice" is from the beginning of course you can also "choose" a better solution to remove the emotional pain is permanent.

You know the "key" to defeat the addiction is to uncover and eliminate the "emotional pain" and the inner turmoil that causes you to feel depressed.  Addictive behavior is based on EMOTIONAL TRAUMA.  Here is an overview of some steps to free themselves from addiction:
  1. Step 1: Unrearth Square.  Family dysfunction is a common denominator or the root of all addictive behaviors, this is the most important step of this whole recovery process.  Facing the person responsible for the emotional trauma that we experience is the most frightening situation, especially when it is done by parents or relatives nearby.  But it is also the greatest role in the empowerment and liberation of your emotional pain.  Face in this context does not mean to attack physically.  Confrontation is not intended to be an attack but rather an opportunity to straighten out and release the emotional baggage that you've been feeling.
  2. Step 2: Remove Your Emotional Baggage.  After successfully perform stage in step 1, then the pain and emotional trauma in you will feel diminished.  However, to fully free from the emotional trauma you have to cultivate forgiveness from your heart, forgive!.  How can I forgive someone who hurt or even destroy my future?.  Yes it does require considerable self-awareness.  The past is the past, and it's over, living in the shadow of the past will only make our future bleak.  Saan this life, doing good for yourself and learn to love yourself.  How can we love others if we can not love yourself?.  The answer certainly can not!.  Maybe you feel ashamed and guilty about what you do then you wonder whether you should be punished for your actions in the past?.  God never gives punishment for all human action it is man who condemns himself.  God is loving and forgiving people.  No need to lower ourselves, we currently do not have character flaws, we are all equal, we are all connected and we have the same ability.
  3. Step 3: Generate Power.  Do you want to admit it or not, all the pain and mental stress that you experience is a spiritual journey that if you are able to get past it you will become a much better person than before.  Try to cultivate the awareness that from now on.
  4. Step 4: Practice Random Acts of Kidness.  Happiness is a peace of mind.  Individuals who suffer from addiction and will never feel happy.  Ironically in an effort to find the happiness that they chose the path to cover their emotional pain through alcohol, drugs and so forth.  But the farther they use it, happiness will be getting away.  True happiness can only be found in one place and place it inside.  Happiness is not found in practice from the outside, that happiness is an act of small, random kindness that opens the heart and fuels the principle of unconditional love.  Grow your hearts love is love from little things like opening the door for someone, playing with the children so that the tranquility and peace of your hearts up and destroy all the emotional pain you've ever experienced.
Nb: Everything will happen as we wish provided we can believe in it.

May be useful.

Monday, August 1, 2011

Preventing Drug Abuse

alcohol and drug rehab, alcohol drug abuse pict

Preventing Drug Abuse is a very important thing to do given that most drug addicts are youths who are the future hope of the nation.

The initial steps can be done is to provide knowledge about the dangers of drug abuse. Such as central nervous tissue damage that can lead to decreased ability to think and creativity followed by the breakdown of vital organs in the body such as liver, heart, eyes, skin and others.

Prevention of drug abuse can also be done by:
  1. mature personality
  2. Increased self-esteem and confidence
  3. Increased ability to solve problems
  4. Improved health and healthy living culture both physically and mentally.
All this can be started from the smallest neighborhood of the family. Thus the role of family in this case is very important.


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